Feature group matching: A novel method to filter out incorrect local feature matchings

TitleFeature group matching: A novel method to filter out incorrect local feature matchings
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsFrontoni E, Mancini A, Zingaretti P
JournalInternational Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence

The importance of finding correct correspondences between two images is the major aspect in problems such as appearance-based robot localization and content-based image retrieval. Local feature matching has become a commonly used method to compare images, despite being highly probable that at least some of the matchings/correspondences it detects are incorrect. In this paper, we describe a novel approach to local feature matching, named Feature Group Matching (FGM), to select stable features and obtain a more reliable similarity value between two images. The proposed technique is demonstrated to be translational, rotational and scaling invariant. Experimental evaluation was performed on large and heterogeneous datasets of images using SIFT and SURF, the actual state-of-the-art feature extractors. Results show that FGM avoids almost 95% of incorrect matchings, reduces the visual aliasing (number of images considered similar) and increases both robotic localization and image retrieval accuracy on the average of 13%. © 2014 World Scientific Publishing Company.