A low-cost and low-burden secure solution to track small-scale fisheries

TitleA low-cost and low-burden secure solution to track small-scale fisheries
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference2021
AuthorsTassetti A N, Galdelli A, Pulcinella J
Corporate AuthorsMancini A, Luca Bolognini
Conference NameConference: 2021 International Workshop on Metrology for the Sea; Learning to Measure Sea Health Parameters (MetroSea)
Date Published11/2021
Keywordscloud computing, fleet management system, maritime communication, small-scale fisheries, vessel position data

During the last decade accurate spatial and quantitative information of industrial fisheries have been increasingly given using tracking technologies and machine learning analytical algorithms. However, in most small-scale fisheries, lack of spatial data has been a recurrent bottleneck as Vessel Monitoring System and Automatic Identification System, developed for vessels longer than 12 and 15 m in length respectively, have little applicability in these contexts. It follows that small-scale vessels (< 12 m in length) remain untracked and largely unregulated, even though they account for most of the fishing fleet in operation in the Mediterranean Sea. As such, the tracking of small-scale fleets tends to require the use of novel and low cost solutions that could be addressed by small vessels often without dedicated electrical systems. In this paper we propose a scalable architecture that makes use of a low-cost LoRaWAN/cellular network to acquire and process positioning data from small-scale vessels; preliminary results of a first installation of the prototype are presented, as well as the data collected. The emergence of a such low-cost and open source technology coupled to artificial intelligence could open new opportunities for equipping small-scale vessels, collecting their trajectory data and estimating their fishing effort (information which has historically not been present). It enables a new monitoring strategy that could effectively include small-scale fleets and support the design of new policies oriented to inform coastal resource and fisheries management, and cross-border marine spatial planning.