Multi-Point Stereovision System for Contactless Dimensional Measurements

TitleMulti-Point Stereovision System for Contactless Dimensional Measurements
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsFulvio G.D., Frontoni E, Mancini A, Zingaretti P
JournalJournal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications

The paper focuses on the design of a fast and reliable multi-point vision-based measurement system able to be flexible, low cost and accurate for quality control in industrial robotics applications. The paper discusses a new method for integrating visual quality control in highly dynamic manufacturing lines, where products are added or removed from production. The structure of the vision-based measurement system is described. In particular, the stereo system is created by the movement of a single camera mounted on a six-axis manipulator. The visual software is structured in three phases: single camera and stereo calibration, addition of the visual inspection tasks for the object to be measured, stereo measurement. The feasibility of the proposed solution has been tested in a real industrial application with strong requirements on robot speed. The comparison of experimental results on a target with a simple and well-defined shape has shown that the proposed solution provides better results, in terms of accuracy and measurement speed, when compared to commercial libraries and RGBD vision systems. Besides, the robot motion policy adopted by the solution proposed here guarantees a continuous movement without the need for stop&go phases. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.